For several decades Sevastopol was closed both for tourists and locals as a guarded base for the Russian Navy. It was only after the disintegration of the USSR that civilians were allowed to visit the city without prior government approval. Sevastopol is now the second largest Crimean city and readily welcomes all visitors to enjoy its unique history. The city began with the establishment of a Greek colony called Chersoneses in 422 BC. Since then the city has played a key part in the development of Crimea, the Russian Empire, and Ukraine. In fact, Sevastopol is known as the Cradle of Russian Christianity since it was the place where Prince Vladimir adopted Christianity in 988. Most of the city’s history is linked to its military glory, the very name Sevastopol means “magnificent, glorious” if translated from Greek. The name is certainly justified as the city has survived two prolonged attacks: one during the Crimean War of 1854-1855 and the other during World War II. The city was twice destroyed and twice rose from the ashes.